The Different Areas of Criminal Defense

The Different Areas of Criminal Defense

Defending someone against criminal charges can be a challenging task. Whether you’re defending someone who has been charged with a crime or you are defending yourself, there are several different areas of criminal defense that you’ll want to keep in mind. Get a van nuys criminal defense attorney these areas include Affirmative Defenses, Insanity, Self-Defense, Entrapment, and Federal charges.


Defendants who plead not guilty by reason of insanity attempt to convince the court that their behavior was not intentional and was excused by their mental illness. If a person is deemed to be insane, they are usually confined in a mental health facility.

States have four different tests to determine insanity. Most states rely on the M’Naghten Test to determine if a person is legally insane. The M’Naghten Test was developed in 1843, in an English case, and it is used by most states. The test asks whether a person is unable to distinguish right from wrong. If a person cannot distinguish right from wrong, he or she is considered legally insane.

The Model Penal Code, which was introduced in 1972, has a more rigid definition of insanity. The Model Penal Code also codifies the diminished capacity defense. It defines diminished capacity as “the failure to appreciate the wrongfulness of a criminal act”.

The Irresistible Impulse Test is another way to determine if a person is insane. It determines whether a person is unable to resist an impulse to commit an illegal act. Some states add an additional test to the M’Naghten test, the Brawner Test.


Whether you’re facing criminal charges or a civil claim for self-defense, an experienced criminal defense lawyer can help you get the best possible outcome. He can help you investigate your claim, identify any possible defenses, and overcome any obstacles in court.

Self-defense is legal when a person is defending himself or another person against an imminent threat. The defendant’s response to the threat must be proportional to the threat. In addition, the use of the appropriate amount of force is required.

The most basic issues in a self-defense claim are who started the fight, who is the victim, and the response that was required. These factors are not the only ones that may be considered. Other factors include the defendant’s state of mind, the location of the incident, and the physical attributes of the defendant.

Affirmative defenses

Defendants can avoid a criminal conviction by raising an affirmative defense in their trial. In a trial for murder, the prosecution must prove that human beings were killed, while in a self-defense case, the defendant must prove that they were defending themselves from harm. The jury has to agree that the defense met its burden. In a criminal trial, the standard of proof is usually the preponderance of evidence, which is more than 50 percent.

Affirmative defenses are a growing topic of discussion in the criminal law arena. While some commentators are in favor of imposing a higher standard of proof on criminal defendants, others are critical of the practice.

Affirmative defenses are generally accepted as legitimate under certain circumstances. A good criminal defense lawyer will discuss the legal grounds on which a defendant may claim an affirmative defense. In fact, many states now require defendants to notify the prosecution of any affirmative defenses they may have.


Generally, entrapment in criminal defense occurs when law enforcement creates a situation where a normally law-abiding individual is pushed to commit a crime. If it can be proved that the person was pushed to commit a crime, he or she may be acquitted. Despite the entrapment defense’s merits, it may not be viable in all situations. It is important to consult an attorney in every phase of your case.

Most states apply a subjective test to determine if entrapment occurred. A subjective standard is more difficult to meet. It focuses on the origin of the intent to commit the crime, a factor that the objective test does not.

The objective test, on the other hand, evaluates the evidence to determine whether law enforcement induced a crime. It also focuses on the law enforcement’s actions.

Federal charges

Defending against federal charges is a serious undertaking. This is why it is so important to have an experienced attorney to represent you.

Federal charges often result in prison time, fines, and restitution. If you have been accused of a crime, contact an attorney as soon as possible to begin the defense process. Having a lawyer to explain the process and answer your questions will help you to stay focused and prepare for your trial.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation, Drug Enforcement Agency, and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives are the main agencies that investigate and prosecute federal crimes. Federal charges can involve violations of federal laws, such as fraud, money laundering, drug conspiracy, assault on a federal officer, and more.

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About the Author: Phillip Brooks

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